Download Saladin Al Ayubi PDF
Author :
Publisher : PTS Publishing House Sdn. Bhd.
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 9789674118167
Pages : pages
Rating : 4.6/5 (741 users)
GET EBOOK!

Download or read book Saladin Al Ayubi written by Abdul Latip Talib and published by PTS Publishing House Sdn. Bhd.. This book was released on 2016-02-11 with total page pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The world has known of Salahudin Al Ayubi’s name since the Second Crusade. It was a time when the Crusaders who conquered Baitulmaqdis wanted to expand their reign upon the divided Islamic nations. Rising up to protect the Islamic nations was Sultan Salahudin Al Ayubi. He successfully unified the broken nations and assembled a massive Muslim military of high calibre and discipline. United and strong, they successfully kept the Crusaders at bay and halted their invasion, returning Baitulmaqdis back into the hands of Islamic rulers. Yet, it did not end happily there. The European Crusades, led by King Richard of the Lionheart, thirsted for revenge. Under the King’s orders, they quickly executed their next move. The armies of the era’s two great kings struck swords. Emerging victorious from the clash of the kings was none other than Sultan Salahudin, who firmly held his reign over Baitulmaqdis. The city remained under Islamic rule until World War 2, where it fell to British occupation and into Christian hands as Jerusalem.


Download Salah Ad Din Al Ayyubi  Saladin  PDF
Author :
Publisher :
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 9773420701
Pages : 208 pages
Rating : 4.4/5 (27 users)
GET EBOOK!

Download or read book Salah Ad Din Al Ayyubi Saladin written by ʻAbd Allāh Nāṣiḥ ʻUlwān and published by . This book was released on 2007 with total page 208 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt:


Download English British Naval History to 1815 PDF
Author :
Publisher : Greenwood Publishing Group
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 0313305471
Pages : 875 pages
Rating : 4.3/5 (54 users)
GET EBOOK!

Download or read book English British Naval History to 1815 written by Eugene L. Rasor and published by Greenwood Publishing Group. This book was released on 2004 with total page 875 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Delivers a comprehensive historiographical and bibliographical survey of academic and printed materials on the maritime and naval history of England and Great Britain from its earliest times to 1815.


Download Culture and Customs of Egypt PDF
Author :
Publisher : Greenwood Publishing Group
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 0313317402
Pages : 168 pages
Rating : 4.3/5 (174 users)
GET EBOOK!

Download or read book Culture and Customs of Egypt written by Molefi Kete Asante and published by Greenwood Publishing Group. This book was released on 2002 with total page 168 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Examines Egyptian history, government, economy, religious rituals, literature, performing arts, fine arts, architecture, social customs, and lifestyles.


Download Hattin PDF
Author :
Publisher : Great Battles
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 9780199646951
Pages : 218 pages
Rating : 4.1/5 (996 users)
GET EBOOK!

Download or read book Hattin written by John France and published by Great Battles. This book was released on 2015 with total page 218 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: On July 4, 1187 the legendary Muslim leader Saladin destroyed the Crusader army of the Latin Kingdom of Jerusalem with a terrible slaughter at the battle of Hattin - and subsequently restored the Holy City of Jerusalem to Islamic rule. The carnage at Hattin was the culmination of almost a century of religious wars between Christians and Muslims in the Holy Land. It had enormous consequences for the whole medieval world because it produced an intensification of holy war between Islam and Europe for over another century and, in retrospect, marked the beginning of the end for the Crusader presence in the Middle East. In the 20th century, memory of the battle was revived as a symbol of Arab hope for liberation from Crusader Imperialism and in the 21st, it has become a rallying cry for radical Muslim fundamentalists in their struggle for the soul of Islam. In this new volume in the Great Battles series, John France analyzes the origins and course of this pivotal battle, illuminating the roots of the bitter hatred that underlay it and explains its significance in world history - from medieval times to the present.


Download The Kurds  An Encyclopedia of Life  Culture  and Society PDF
Author :
Publisher : ABC-CLIO
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 9781440842573
Pages : 427 pages
Rating : 4.4/5 (48 users)
GET EBOOK!

Download or read book The Kurds An Encyclopedia of Life Culture and Society written by Sebastian Maisel and published by ABC-CLIO. This book was released on 2018-06-30 with total page 427 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This indispensable resource for Western readers about the Kurds—an ancient indigenous group that exemplifies diversity in the Middle East—examines their history, politics, economics, and social structure. • Supplies a thorough examination of the Kurds, a people that are of great interest and relevance to the general public because of their successful campaign against the Islamic State • Offers a local, regional, and global perspective on important current Middle Eastern issues through the context of the Kurdish people • Underscores how the Kurds stand for diversity and pluralism in an otherwise homogeneous Middle East • Enables readers to develop a much better understanding of U.S. involvement in the Middle East • Includes entries written by a team of international contributors, including many Kurdish scholars


Download DK Eyewitness Egypt PDF
Author :
Publisher : Penguin
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 9781465496706
Pages : 360 pages
Rating : 4.4/5 (654 users)
GET EBOOK!

Download or read book DK Eyewitness Egypt written by DK Eyewitness and published by Penguin. This book was released on 2016-02-02 with total page 360 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: DK Eyewitness Travel Guide: Egypt is your in-depth guide to the very best of the oldest tourist destination on Earth. Take day trips and excursions to see ancient pyramids, visit the monuments of the Nile Valley and the souks, mosques and madrassas of Islamic Cairo, experience local festivals and markets, and don't miss out on the delicious street food. Discover DK Eyewitness Travel Guide: Egypt. + Detailed itineraries and "don't-miss" destination highlights at a glance. + Illustrated cutaway 3-D drawings of important sights. + Floor plans and guided visitor information for major museums. + Guided walking tours, local drink and dining specialties to try, things to do, and places to eat, drink, and shop by area. + Area maps marked with sights. + Detailed city map of Cairo includes street finder indexes for easy navigation. + Insights into history and culture to help you understand the stories behind the sights. + Hotel and restaurant listings highlight DK Choice special recommendations. With hundreds of full-color photographs, hand-drawn illustrations, and custom maps that illuminate every page, DK Eyewitness Travel Guide: Egypt truly shows you this country as no one else can.


Download Historical Dictionary of Medieval Christian Nubia PDF
Author :
Publisher : Rowman & Littlefield Publishers
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 9781538133415
Pages : 304 pages
Rating : 4.5/5 (381 users)
GET EBOOK!

Download or read book Historical Dictionary of Medieval Christian Nubia written by Richard A. Lobban Jr. and published by Rowman & Littlefield Publishers. This book was released on 2020-10-20 with total page 304 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Medieval Christian Nubia is often a neglected period of medieval African history. Because meaning is determined largely by context this work traces the Greco-Roman, Meroitic and Jewish precursors. The regional, historical and theological schisms within Christianity are also a highlight. The dynamics of the three Nubian kingdoms of Nobatia, Mukurra, and Alwa are the centerpiece of this book that covers mural arts, architecture, and the names of the leading kings and bishops. Another strength of the book is the analysis of the 700-year baqt peace treaty between Christian Nubia and Islamic Egypt; this is considered to be the longest lasting treaty in diplomatic history. The complex transition from Christianity to Islam in the 14th century is analyzed in great personal, political, and military detail. Historical Dictionary of Medieval Christian Nubia contains a chronology, an introduction, and an extensive bibliography. The dictionary section has over 200 cross-referenced entries on politics, economy, foreign relations, religion, and culture of the medieval Nubians. This book is an excellent resource for students, researchers, and anyone wanting to know more about Medieval Christian Nubia.


Download DK Eyewitness Travel Guide Egypt PDF
Author :
Publisher : Penguin
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 9781465453204
Pages : 360 pages
Rating : 4.4/5 (654 users)
GET EBOOK!

Download or read book DK Eyewitness Travel Guide Egypt written by DK Travel and published by Penguin. This book was released on 2016-02-02 with total page 360 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: DK Eyewitness Travel Guide: Egypt is your in-depth guide to the very best of the oldest tourist destination on Earth. Take day trips and excursions to see ancient pyramids, visit the monuments of the Nile Valley and the souks, mosques and madrassas of Islamic Cairo, experience local festivals and markets, and don't miss out on the delicious street food. Discover DK Eyewitness Travel Guide: Egypt. + Detailed itineraries and "don't-miss" destination highlights at a glance. + Illustrated cutaway 3-D drawings of important sights. + Floor plans and guided visitor information for major museums. + Guided walking tours, local drink and dining specialties to try, things to do, and places to eat, drink, and shop by area. + Area maps marked with sights. + Detailed city map of Cairo includes street finder indexes for easy navigation. + Insights into history and culture to help you understand the stories behind the sights. + Hotel and restaurant listings highlight DK Choice special recommendations. With hundreds of full-color photographs, hand-drawn illustrations, and custom maps that illuminate every page, DK Eyewitness Travel Guide: Egypt truly shows you this country as no one else can.


Download The Seaforth Bibliography PDF
Author :
Publisher : Pen and Sword
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 9781473812390
Pages : 900 pages
Rating : 4.4/5 (738 users)
GET EBOOK!

Download or read book The Seaforth Bibliography written by Eugene Rasor and published by Pen and Sword. This book was released on 2009-04-17 with total page 900 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This remarkable work is a comprehensive historiographical and bibliographical survey of the most important scholarly and printed materials about the naval and maritime history of England and Great Britain from the earliest times to 1815. More than 4,000 popular, standard and official histories, important articles in journals and periodicals, anthologies, conference, symposium and seminar papers, guides, documents and doctoral theses are covered so that the emphasis is the broadest possible. But the work is far, far more than a listing. The works are all evaluated, assessed and analysed and then integrated into an historical narrative that makes the book a hugely useful reference work for student, scholar, and enthusiast alike. It is divided into twenty-one chapters which cover resource centres, significant naval writers, pre-eminent and general histories, the chronological periods from Julius Caesar through the Vikings, Tudors and Stuarts to Nelson and Bligh, major naval personalities, warships, piracy, strategy and tactics, exploration, discovery and navigation, archaeology and even naval fiction. Quite simply, no-one with an interest and enthusiasm for naval history can afford to be without this book at their side.


Download Conflict and Cooperation PDF
Author :
Publisher : Syracuse University Press
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 0815631448
Pages : 260 pages
Rating : 4.6/5 (314 users)
GET EBOOK!

Download or read book Conflict and Cooperation written by Peter E. Makari and published by Syracuse University Press. This book was released on 2007-11-07 with total page 260 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Egypt is considered the intellectual birthplace of the modern Islamic movements, and is a center of Islamic thought and culture. It is also home to one of the oldest Christian populations in the world. While conflict between these two communities is often the focus of media attention in the region, important efforts to advocate for and support positive inter-communal relations are finding a degree of success. In this book, Peter Makari considers the role of governmental and non-governmental actors in conflict resolution and the promotion of positive Christian-Muslim relations in Egypt. He maintains that, prevailing opinions notwithstanding, the last quarter-century has witnessed a high level of inter-religious cooperation and tolerance. Relying heavily on Arabic sources, Makari examines the rhetoric and actions of official governmental and religious institutions. Combining empirical research with an informed theoretical perspective, this work offers a perspective seldom available to the English reader on questions of tolerance, citizenship, and civil society in this part of the Arab world.


Download DK Eyewitness Travel Guide  Egypt PDF
Author :
Publisher : Penguin
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 9781465417107
Pages : 368 pages
Rating : 4.4/5 (654 users)
GET EBOOK!

Download or read book DK Eyewitness Travel Guide Egypt written by DK and published by Penguin. This book was released on 2013-10-10 with total page 368 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: DK Eyewitness Travel Guide: Egypt is your indispensable guide to this remarkable part of the world. This fully updated guide includes street maps of cities and towns, plus unique illustrated cutaways, floor plans and reconstructions of the must-see sights. Vibrant full-color photography will help you visualize your destinations as you discover Egypt one region at a time. Detailed listings will inform you of the best hotels, restaurants, bars, and shops for all budgets. Explore local festivals and markets, day trips and excursions to see ancient pyramids, and find your way effortlessly around the region. DK's insider tips and cultural insight will help you explore every corner of Egypt, as if you were a local. DK Eyewitness Travel Guide: Egypt-showing you what others only tell you. Now available in PDF format.


Download Friends of God PDF
Author :
Publisher : Univ of California Press
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 9780520940956
Pages : 368 pages
Rating : 4.5/5 (29 users)
GET EBOOK!

Download or read book Friends of God written by John Renard and published by Univ of California Press. This book was released on 2008-02-19 with total page 368 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Prophets, saints, martyrs, sages, and seers—one of the richest repositories of lore about such exemplary religious figures belongs to the world's approximately 1.3 billion Muslims. Illuminating some of the most delightful tales in world religious literature, this engaging book is the first truly global overview of Islamic hagiography. John Renard tells of the characters beyond the Qur'an and Hadith, whose stories of piety and service to God and humanity have captured hearts and minds for nearly fourteen hundred years. Renard's thematic approach to the major characters, narratives, social and cultural contexts, and theoretical concepts of this remarkable treasury of tales, based on material ranging from the eighth to the twentieth centuries and from countries ranging from Morocco to Malaysia, provides insight into the ways in which these stories have functioned in the lives of Muslims from diverse cultural, social, economic, and political backgrounds. The book also serves as a useful and evocative tool for approaching the vast geographical and chronological sweep of Islamic civilization.


Download Emir Abd El Kader PDF
Author :
Publisher : World Wisdom, Inc
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 9781936597178
Pages : 237 pages
Rating : 4.9/5 (365 users)
GET EBOOK!

Download or read book Emir Abd El Kader written by Ahmed Bouyerdene and published by World Wisdom, Inc. This book was released on 2012 with total page 237 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This extraordinary biography of the Algerian warrior and Sufi saint, Emir Abd el-Kader (1807/8-1883), shows his dazzling spiritual qualities in the fight against the French colonial authorities. The New York Times called the Emir “one of the few great men of the century,” while Abraham Lincoln and Pope Pius IX both commended the Emir for rescuing 15,000 Christians while in exile in Damascus. In 1846, the town of Elkader, Iowa was named in his honor.


Download The Contemporary Art Scene in Syria PDF
Author :
Publisher : Routledge
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 9781000067897
Pages : 154 pages
Rating : 4.0/5 ( users)
GET EBOOK!

Download or read book The Contemporary Art Scene in Syria written by Charlotte Bank and published by Routledge. This book was released on 2020-05-31 with total page 154 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This book focuses on the expanding contemporary art scene in Syria, particularly Damascus, during the first decade of the twenty-first century. The decade was characterized by a high degree of experimentation as young artists began to work with artistic media that were new in Syria, such as video, installation and performance art. They were rethinking the role of artists in society and looking for ways to reach audiences in a more direct manner and address socio-cultural and socio-political issues. The Contemporary Art Scene in Syria will be of interest to scholars of global and Middle Eastern art studies, and also to scholars interested in the recent social and cultural history of Syria and the wider Middle East.


Download Ebbs and Flows of Medieval Empires  AD 900 1400 PDF
Author :
Publisher : PartridgeIndia
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 9781482896831
Pages : 348 pages
Rating : 4.4/5 (828 users)
GET EBOOK!

Download or read book Ebbs and Flows of Medieval Empires AD 900 1400 written by Will Slatyer and published by PartridgeIndia. This book was released on 2014-04 with total page 348 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Ebbs and Flows of Medieval Empires, AD 900-1400 provides a flow of history throughout the medieval world from 900 to 1400 AD, describing the ebbs and flows of empires as the western world recovered from the dark ages. As a point of reference, author Will Slatyer presents the empires in Asia in the same timeframes as European empires, illustrating patterns of similarity among these empires. War remained important to leaders of the emerging nation and states as a primary method of gaining territory and expanding their influence. Meanwhile, the Church of Rome endeavoured to gain control of Europe secularly and spiritually, often using the spread of Islam as an excuse for its widening span of control. Islam was advanced spectacularly by the Arabs, but lost much impetus when leaders of other ethnicities took control; even so, it continued to spread throughout the world. Coinage again came into use during this period after the lapse of the usage of precious metals as compensation during the dark ages. Trade grew particularly when spices from the Orient were introduced in Europe, because they were so attractive in an age without refrigeration. As city-states became more civilised, textiles for clothing came into strong demand. International trade encouraged banking based upon models introduced by the Knights Templar. Ebbs and Flows of Medieval Empires, AD 900-1400 shows that human fear and greed demonstrated in ancient times, continued with medieval leaders, including popes, leading the way to the more capitalist enterprise of the Renaissance after 1400 AD.


Download Palestine Yesterday  today and tomorrow PDF
Author :
Publisher : الابداع الفكري ِEbdaa Fekry Publishing
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 9788496557321
Pages : 421 pages
Rating : 4.4/5 (965 users)
GET EBOOK!

Download or read book Palestine Yesterday today and tomorrow written by Dr. Tareq M. Suwaidan and published by الابداع الفكري ِEbdaa Fekry Publishing. This book was released on 2006-01-01 with total page 421 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The aim of this book is not merely to provide an account of historical events in a region that is the focus of world attention, but to explain—through data, facts, documents and the biographies of prominent figures who have played a leading role in shaping Palestine—the undeniable realities that should be taken into account in building the future of Palestine on the basis of law and legality, and not on the basis of ethno-political claims tainted by fanatical or dogmatic stances.