Download    al      Ad Deen Al Ayubi PDF
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ISBN 10 : 6035010571
Pages : pages
Rating : 4.0/5 (15 users)
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Download or read book al Ad Deen Al Ayubi written by ʻAlī Muḥammad Muḥammad Ṣallābī and published by . This book was released on 2010 with total page pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Saladin, Sultan of Egypt and Syria, 1137-1193; Crusades; Syria; history; 750-1260.


Download    al      Al D  n Al Ayy  b   PDF
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ISBN 10 : OCLC:653468530
Pages : pages
Rating : 4.:/5 (653 users)
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Download or read book al Al D n Al Ayy b written by ʻAlī Muḥammad Muḥammad Ṣallābī and published by . This book was released on 2010 with total page pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt:


Download Rise of ISIS PDF
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Publisher : Simon and Schuster
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ISBN 10 : 9781501105159
Pages : 144 pages
Rating : 4.5/5 (11 users)
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Download or read book Rise of ISIS written by Jay Sekulow and published by Simon and Schuster. This book was released on 2014-09-15 with total page 144 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: THE DEFINITIVE BOOK ON ISIS Jay Sekulow, one of America’s most influential attorneys, closely examines the rise of the terrorist groups ISIS and Hamas, explains their objectives and capabilities and how, if left undefeated, their existence could unleash a genocide of historic proportions. Recently, the world has been shaken by gruesome photos and videos that have introduced us to the now infamous terrorist group known as ISIS. The world’s wealthiest and most powerful jihadists, ISIS originated within Al Qaeda with the goal of creating an Islamic state across Iraq and Syria and unrelenting jihad on Christians. Separate from ISIS, the terrorist group Hamas has waged an equally brutal war against Israel. Both groups, if left undefeated, have the potential to unleash a catastrophic genocide. Rise of ISIS gives a better understanding of the modern face of terror,andprovides an overview of the laws of war and war crimes. These laws differentiate between the guilty and innocent, and explain why the US military and the Israeli Defense Forces are often limited in their defensive measures. The authors’ firsthand experience, including multiple appearances before the Office of the Prosecutor, International Criminal Court at The Hague, along with direct contact battling jihadists during operation Iraqi Freedom lends insight into this important geopolitical issue. A must-have for anyone who wants to better understand the conflict that exists in the middle east, this well-researched and fully annotated volume is invaluable in revealing how this new brand of terrorism poses a very real threat to Americans and the world at large. It also serves as a guide to what we as individuals—and as a nation—can do to stop this escalating violence, prevent jihad, and protect Israel and America from this imminent threat.


Download Ibn an Nad  m und die mittelalterliche arabische Literatur PDF
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Publisher : Otto Harrassowitz Verlag
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ISBN 10 : 3447037458
Pages : 164 pages
Rating : 4.0/5 (374 users)
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Download or read book Ibn an Nad m und die mittelalterliche arabische Literatur written by Johann Fück and published by Otto Harrassowitz Verlag. This book was released on 1996 with total page 164 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt:


Download Toleration and Tolerance in Medieval European Literature PDF
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Publisher : Routledge
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ISBN 10 : 9781351001069
Pages : 330 pages
Rating : 4.3/5 (51 users)
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Download or read book Toleration and Tolerance in Medieval European Literature written by Albrecht Classen and published by Routledge. This book was released on 2018-03-05 with total page 330 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Toleration and Tolerance in Medieval European Literature aims to examine and unearth the critical investigations of toleration and tolerance presented in literary texts of the Middle Ages. In contrast to previous approaches, this volume identifies new methods of interpreting conventional classifications of toleration and tolerance through the emergence of multi-level voices in literary, religious, and philosophical discourses of authorities in medieval literature. Accordingly, this volume identifies two separate definitions of toleration and tolerance, the former as a representative of a majority group accepts a member of the minority group but still holds firmly to the believe that s/he is right and the other entirely wrong, and tolerance meaning that all faiths, convictions, and ideologies are treated equally, and the majority speaker is ready to accept that potentially his/her position is wrong. Applying these distinct differences in the critical investigation of interaction and representation in context, this book offers new insight into the tolerant attitudes portrayed in medieval literature of which regularly appealed, influenced and shaped popular opinions of the period.


Download English British Naval History to 1815 PDF
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Publisher : Greenwood Publishing Group
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ISBN 10 : 0313305471
Pages : 875 pages
Rating : 4.3/5 (54 users)
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Download or read book English British Naval History to 1815 written by Eugene L. Rasor and published by Greenwood Publishing Group. This book was released on 2004 with total page 875 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Delivers a comprehensive historiographical and bibliographical survey of academic and printed materials on the maritime and naval history of England and Great Britain from its earliest times to 1815.


Download Historical Dictionary of Medieval Christian Nubia PDF
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Publisher : Rowman & Littlefield Publishers
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ISBN 10 : 9781538133415
Pages : 304 pages
Rating : 4.5/5 (381 users)
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Download or read book Historical Dictionary of Medieval Christian Nubia written by Richard A. Lobban Jr. and published by Rowman & Littlefield Publishers. This book was released on 2020-10-20 with total page 304 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Medieval Christian Nubia is often a neglected period of medieval African history. Because meaning is determined largely by context this work traces the Greco-Roman, Meroitic and Jewish precursors. The regional, historical and theological schisms within Christianity are also a highlight. The dynamics of the three Nubian kingdoms of Nobatia, Mukurra, and Alwa are the centerpiece of this book that covers mural arts, architecture, and the names of the leading kings and bishops. Another strength of the book is the analysis of the 700-year baqt peace treaty between Christian Nubia and Islamic Egypt; this is considered to be the longest lasting treaty in diplomatic history. The complex transition from Christianity to Islam in the 14th century is analyzed in great personal, political, and military detail. Historical Dictionary of Medieval Christian Nubia contains a chronology, an introduction, and an extensive bibliography. The dictionary section has over 200 cross-referenced entries on politics, economy, foreign relations, religion, and culture of the medieval Nubians. This book is an excellent resource for students, researchers, and anyone wanting to know more about Medieval Christian Nubia.


Download    al      Ad Deen Al Ayubi  Crusades prior to the rise of the Ayubid state PDF
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ISBN 10 : 6035010571
Pages : pages
Rating : 4.0/5 (15 users)
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Download or read book al Ad Deen Al Ayubi Crusades prior to the rise of the Ayubid state written by ʻAlī Muḥammad Muḥammad Ṣallābī and published by . This book was released on 2010 with total page pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Saladin, Sultan of Egypt and Syria, 1137-1193; Crusades; Syria; history; 750-1260.


Download The Road to Martyrs  Square PDF
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Publisher : Oxford University Press
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ISBN 10 : 9780190294175
Pages : 304 pages
Rating : 4.1/5 (92 users)
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Download or read book The Road to Martyrs Square written by Anne Marie Oliver and published by Oxford University Press. This book was released on 2006-04-27 with total page 304 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Don't expect to find here the usual clichés about suicide bombers and what drives them. In this unique study, Anne Marie Oliver and Paul Steinberg render the story of two intertwining, often clashing journeys. The authors lived for six months with a Palestinian refugee family in Gaza at the beginning of the intifada, and offer a gritty, poetic portrait of the time. They also provide an unrivalled documentary of the underground media they collected during the course of six years in the area. Although they could not have surmised as much at the beginning, they soon found themselves led through these media into the world of the suicide bomber. Their early study, notably, anticipated the spread of suicide missions years in advance. Dispensing with the platitudes and dogma that typify discourse on the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, the authors show that the suicide bomber is a complex, contradictory construction, and can be explained neither in terms of cold efficacy nor sheer evil. Theirs is the only book on the subject to illustrate the ecstatic, intoxicating aspects of suicide missions, and provide extensive access to materials that have remained largely unseen in the West despite the fact that they have served as indispensable tools in the construction and propagation of the suicide bomber. The book contains 86 illustrations drawn from the authors' archive as well as numerous conversations with leaders and followers of Hamas, including a rare interview with a suicide bomber whose bomb failed to explode on an Israeli bus in Jerusalem. Here is an important and timely work that will challenge the way we think about the intifada, suicide bombers, and the Israeli-Palestinian conflict.


Download A Kid s Guide to Arab American History PDF
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Publisher : Chicago Review Press
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ISBN 10 : 9781613740200
Pages : 224 pages
Rating : 4.6/5 (137 users)
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Download or read book A Kid s Guide to Arab American History written by Yvonne Wakim Dennis and published by Chicago Review Press. This book was released on 2013-01-01 with total page 224 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Many Americans, educators included, mistakenly believe all Arabs share the same culture, language, and religion, and have only recently begun immigrating to the United States. A Kid's Guide to Arab American History dispels these and other stereotypes and provides a contemporary as well as historical look at the people and experiences that have shaped Arab American culture. Each chapter focuses on a different group of Arab Americans including those of Lebanese, Syrian, Palestinian, Jordanian, Egyptian, Iraqi, and Yemeni descent and features more than 50 fun activities that highlight their distinct arts, games, clothing, and food. Kids will love dancing the dabke, constructing a derbekke drum, playing a game of senet, making hummus, creating an arabesque design, and crafting an Egyptian-style cuff bracelet. Along the way they will learn to count in Kurdish, pick up a few Syrian words for family members, learn a Yemeni saying, and speak a little Iraqi. Short biographies of notable Arab Americans, including actor and philanthropist Danny Thomas, singer Paula Abdul, artist Helen Zughaib, and activist Ralph Nader, demonstrate a wide variety of careers and contributions.


Download Alltagsleben und materielle Kultur in der arabischen Sprache und Literatur PDF
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Publisher : Otto Harrassowitz Verlag
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ISBN 10 : 3447050098
Pages : 470 pages
Rating : 4.0/5 (5 users)
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Download or read book Alltagsleben und materielle Kultur in der arabischen Sprache und Literatur written by Thomas Bauer and published by Otto Harrassowitz Verlag. This book was released on 2005 with total page 470 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Dem Interessenspektrum des Jubilars entsprechend enthalt diese Festschrift 24 Beitrage zu Aspekten des Alltagslebens und der materiellen Kultur der arabisch-islamischen Welt von der altarabischen Zeit bis in die Gegenwart, mehrheitlich kombiniert mit philologischen Fragestellungen. In den Bereich der Geschichte der materiellen Kultur, die die Rolle der Sachguter im menschlichen Alltag, deren Gebrauch, Perzeption, Bewertung und Konnotation im jeweiligen Kontext untersucht, gehoren Aufsatze etwa zur Nahrungskultur, zu Einzelaspekten wie Bad, Schleier, Schrift und Schreibwerkzeug, Fest der Nilschwelle, Skorpion, Mullabfuhr, aber auch zur gelebten religiosen Praxis, zum "Sitz im Leben" einer Torinschrift oder zu materiellen Aspekten der Sprech- und Erzahltradition. In den Bereich der Mentalitatsgeschichte, die nach den Vorstellungen fragt, die Fuhlen und Handeln des Menschen in einer bestimmten Epoche pragen, fallen Artikel etwa zu den Themen Zeit und Trauer. Ein Verzeichnis der Schriften von Heinz Grotzfeld und ein Index zu den Beitragen erganzen den Band.


Download Jihad in Palestine PDF
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Publisher : Routledge
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ISBN 10 : 9781317519614
Pages : 325 pages
Rating : 4.3/5 (175 users)
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Download or read book Jihad in Palestine written by Shaul Bartal and published by Routledge. This book was released on 2015-07-24 with total page 325 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The 21st century exists in the shadow of the return of extremist Islam to the center of the world’s political stage, a process that began at the end of the previous century. While researchers have focused on the rise of Hamas, this return has in fact manifested itself in a range of independent Islamic extremist groups with their own philosophies. Jihad in Palestine provides a comprehensive study of the variety of Islamic extremist groups operating inside Israel/Palestine today, examining their philosophies and views concerning martyrdom, as well as their attitudes to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. These ideologies are presented in their own words, thanks to the author’s extensive translations and commentary of primary sources in Arabic, including the writings of the Islamic Jihad, al-Jama’a al-Islamiya, Hizbal-Tahrir al-Islami, Hamas and the Islamic Movement. The book studies the attitudes of these organisations towards the fundamental issues surrounding Jihad, including the concept of personal obligation, the relationship of the movement to the peace agreements and attitudes towards Jews expressed in the movement’s writings. Exploring the basic theories of sacrifice and analysing modern day Palestinian society, it promotes a greater understanding of the religious angle of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. The book will be of interest to students and scholars of Middle East Studies, Jewish Studies, Political Islam and Terrorism & Political Violence.


Download DK Eyewitness Egypt PDF
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Publisher : Dorling Kindersley Ltd
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ISBN 10 : 9780241431498
Pages : 360 pages
Rating : 4.2/5 (414 users)
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Download or read book DK Eyewitness Egypt written by DK Eyewitness and published by Dorling Kindersley Ltd. This book was released on 2016-02-01 with total page 360 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The ideal travel companion, full of insider advice on what to see and do, plus detailed itineraries and comprehensive maps for exploring Egypt. Marvel at the Pyramids of Giza, cruise down the Nile or explore the Valley of the Kings: everything you need to know is clearly laid out within colour-coded chapters. Discover the best of Egypt with this indispensable travel guide. Inside DK Eyewitness Travel Guide Egypt: - Over 20 colour maps help you navigate with ease - Simple layout makes it easy to find the information you need - Comprehensive tours and itineraries of Egypt, designed for every interest and budget - Illustrations and area plans show in detail the Great Pyramid, Karnak, Thebes and more - Colour photographs of incredible historic sights, stunning landscapes, scenic coastlines, spectacular mosques, fascinating ruins, picturesque villages, bustling cities and more - Detailed chapters, with area maps, cover Cairo, Around Cairo, the Nile Valley, Sinai and the Red Sea Coast, the Delta and the North Coast, and the Western Desert - Historical and cultural context gives you a richer travel experience: learn about the history of Egypt, its religion and culture, its politics and economics, and the festivals and events that take place throughout the year - Experience Egypt with features on archaeology, hieroglyphics, ancient traditions, mythology, Islamic architecture, landscape and wildlife, and more - Essential travel tips: our expert choices of where to stay, eat, shop and sightsee, plus transport, visa and health information DK Eyewitness Travel Guide Egypt is a detailed, easy-to-use guide designed to help you get the most from your visit to Egypt. DK Eyewitness: winner of the Top Guidebook Series in the Wanderlust Reader Travel Awards 2017. "No other guide whets your appetite quite like this one" - The Independent About DK Eyewitness Travel: DK's highly visual Eyewitness guides show you what others only tell you, with easy-to-read maps, tips, and tours to inform and enrich your holiday. DK is the world's leading illustrated reference publisher, producing beautifully designed books for adults and children in over 120 countries.


Download DK Eyewitness Travel Guide Egypt PDF
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Publisher : Dorling Kindersley Ltd
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ISBN 10 : 9780241258118
Pages : 360 pages
Rating : 4.2/5 (412 users)
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Download or read book DK Eyewitness Travel Guide Egypt written by DK Travel and published by Dorling Kindersley Ltd. This book was released on 2016-02-01 with total page 360 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The DK Eyewitness Travel Guide: Egypt is your indispensable guide to this beautiful part of the world. The fully updated guide includes unique cutaways, floorplans and reconstructions of the must-see sites including Abu Simbel, the Valley of the Kings and the Great Pyramid of Giza, plus street-by-street maps of all the fascinating cities and towns. The uniquely visual DK Eyewitness Travel Guide: Egypt will help you to discover everything region-by-region; from local festivals and markets to day trips around the countryside. Detailed listings will guide you to the best hotels, restaurants, bars and shops for all budgets, whilst detailed practical information will help you to get around, whether by train, bus or car. Plus, DK's excellent insider tips and essential local information will help you explore every corner of Egypt effortlessly.


Download Conflict and Cooperation PDF
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Publisher : Syracuse University Press
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ISBN 10 : 0815631448
Pages : 272 pages
Rating : 4.6/5 (314 users)
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Download or read book Conflict and Cooperation written by Peter E. Makari and published by Syracuse University Press. This book was released on 2007-11-07 with total page 272 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Egypt is considered the intellectual birthplace of the modern Islamic movements, and is a center of Islamic thought and culture. It is also home to one of the oldest Christian populations in the world. While conflict between these two communities is often the focus of media attention in the region, important efforts to advocate for and support positive inter-communal relations are finding a degree of success. In this book, Peter Makari considers the role of governmental and non-governmental actors in conflict resolution and the promotion of positive Christian-Muslim relations in Egypt. He maintains that, prevailing opinions notwithstanding, the last quarter-century has witnessed a high level of inter-religious cooperation and tolerance. Relying heavily on Arabic sources, Makari examines the rhetoric and actions of official governmental and religious institutions. Combining empirical research with an informed theoretical perspective, this work offers a perspective seldom available to the English reader on questions of tolerance, citizenship, and civil society in this part of the Arab world.


Download Hattin PDF
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Publisher : Great Battles
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ISBN 10 : 9780199646951
Pages : 218 pages
Rating : 4.1/5 (996 users)
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Download or read book Hattin written by John France and published by Great Battles. This book was released on 2015 with total page 218 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: On July 4, 1187 the legendary Muslim leader Saladin destroyed the Crusader army of the Latin Kingdom of Jerusalem with a terrible slaughter at the battle of Hattin - and subsequently restored the Holy City of Jerusalem to Islamic rule. The carnage at Hattin was the culmination of almost a century of religious wars between Christians and Muslims in the Holy Land. It had enormous consequences for the whole medieval world because it produced an intensification of holy war between Islam and Europe for over another century and, in retrospect, marked the beginning of the end for the Crusader presence in the Middle East. In the 20th century, memory of the battle was revived as a symbol of Arab hope for liberation from Crusader Imperialism and in the 21st, it has become a rallying cry for radical Muslim fundamentalists in their struggle for the soul of Islam. In this new volume in the Great Battles series, John France analyzes the origins and course of this pivotal battle, illuminating the roots of the bitter hatred that underlay it and explains its significance in world history - from medieval times to the present.


Download DK Eyewitness Travel Guide  Egypt PDF
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Publisher : Dorling Kindersley Ltd
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ISBN 10 : 9781409340454
Pages : 368 pages
Rating : 4.4/5 (93 users)
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Download or read book DK Eyewitness Travel Guide Egypt written by and published by Dorling Kindersley Ltd. This book was released on 2013-10-10 with total page 368 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The DK Eyewitness Egypt Travel Guide is your indispensable guide to this beautiful part of the world. The fully updated guide includes unique cutaways, floorplans and reconstructions of the must-see sites, plus street-by-street maps of all the fascinating cities and towns. The new-look guide is also packed with photographs and illustrations leading you straight to the best attractions on offer. The uniquely visual DK Eyewitness Travel guide will help you to discover everything region-by-region; from local festivals and markets to day trips around the countryside. Detailed listings will guide you to the best hotels, restaurants, bars and shops for all budgets, whilst detailed practical information will help you to get around, whether by train, bus or car. Plus, DK's excellent insider tips and essential local information will help you explore every corner of Egypt effortlessly. DK Eyewitness Egypt Travel Guide - showing you what others only tell you. Now available in PDF format.