Download The Gulf Tanker War PDF
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Publisher : Springer
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ISBN 10 : 9781349263042
Pages : 403 pages
Rating : 4.3/5 (492 users)
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Download or read book The Gulf Tanker War written by Nadia El-Sayed El-Shazly and published by Springer. This book was released on 2016-07-27 with total page 403 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: In the 1984 Tanker War, Iraq used its superiority in airpower as an instrument in naval warfare, in a strategy designed to end combat. Iraq hoped to weaken Iran's economy and internationalize the war to force it to cease fighting, or remove the government; negotiations would follow, with Baghdad in a position of strength. Although the Iran-Iraq War was first and foremost a ground war, an argument can be made that the Tanker War contributed to the 1988 ceasefire.


Download America s First Clash with Iran PDF
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Publisher : Casemate Pub & Book Dist Llc
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ISBN 10 : 1935149369
Pages : 425 pages
Rating : 4.1/5 (493 users)
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Download or read book America s First Clash with Iran written by Lee Allen Zatarain and published by Casemate Pub & Book Dist Llc. This book was released on 2010 with total page 425 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: In May 1987 the US frigate Stark, sailing the Persian Gulf, was blown apart by an Exocet missile fired from an Iraqi jet fighter. A fifth of the ship's crew was killed and many others horribly burned or wounded. This event jumpstarted one of the most mysterious conflicts in American history: "The Tanker War," waged against Iran for control of the Persian Gulf. This quasi-war took place at climax of the Iran-Iraq War during Reagan administration. Losing on the battlefield, Ayatollah Khomeini's Iran had decided to close Persian Gulf against shipping from Iraq's oil-rich backers, the emirate of Kuwait. The Kuwaitis appealed for help and America sent a fleet to the Gulf, raising its flag over Kuwait's commercial tankers. The Iranians laid mines throughout the narrow passage and launched attack boats against both tankers and US warships. The tanker Bridgeton hit an Iranian mine and flooded. The US Navy fought its largest surface battle since World War II against the Ayatollah's assault boats. Meanwhile, US Navy Seals arrived in the Gulf. Iranian gunners fired shore-based Silkworm missiles against US forces, actions which, if made known at the time, would have required the US Congress to declare war against Iran. In July 1988, sailors aboard cruiser USS Vincennes shot an Iranian airliner out of the sky, killing 300 civilians. This event came one month before the end of the war. Author Lee Allen Zatarain, employing recently released Pentagon documents, firsthand interviews, and a determination to get to the truth, has revealed a conflict that few recognized at the time, but which may have presaged further battles to come--Publisher's description.


Download Tanker War PDF
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Publisher : Casemate Pub & Book Dist Llc
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ISBN 10 : 193203384X
Pages : 425 pages
Rating : 4.0/5 (338 users)
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Download or read book Tanker War written by Lee Allen Zatarain and published by Casemate Pub & Book Dist Llc. This book was released on 2008 with total page 425 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: In May 1987 the US guided missile frigate Stark, sailing the waters of the Persian Gulf, was suddenly blown apart by the air force of Iraq. A fifth of the crew were killed and many others horribly burned or wounded. This started one of the most mysterious and underwritten conflicts in American history: "The Tanker War,” for control of the Mideast's oil supply. This quasi-war took place in the shadows of the mammoth Iran-Iraq War, coinciding with the last years of the Reagan administration. Losing on the battlefield, Iran had decided to close the Persian Gulf against shipments from Iraq, and their oil-rich backers, Kuwait. The Kuwaitis appealed for international help to protect their tankers, the Soviet Union was first to respond. Prompting the United States to react more energetically, and America sent its own fleet. The result was a free-for-all, as the Iranians laid mines and launched attack boats. The US Navy fought its largest surface battle since World War II, against the Iranian assault boats. In the meantime, US Navy Seals arrived in the Gulf, at an abandoned hulk from which they would sally out to combat the Iranians. These actions have become well known in Special Forces literature, but until now the public has not realized the magnitude of this secret war. In July 1988, nervous triggermen aboard the USS Vincennes shot an Iranian airliner out of the sky, killing 300 civilians, one month before the end of the war. It may have been the final straw to influence the Ayatollah to finally drink from his “poisoned chalice,” closing it down. Lee Zatarain, a Washington-based attorney combined recently released Pentagon documents, firsthand interviews, and a determination to find the truth resulting in the fantastic book. The Tanker War reveals a conflict that few of us recognized at the time. Now that the war drums are sounding again, it's fortunate that we can finally read the full story of America's first war against Iran in the Gulf.


Download Tanker Wars PDF
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Publisher : I.B. Tauris
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ISBN 10 : UOM:49015002385533
Pages : 244 pages
Rating : 4.4/5 (91 users)
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Download or read book Tanker Wars written by Martin S. Navias and published by I.B. Tauris. This book was released on 1996-12-31 with total page 244 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: During the Iran-Iraq war, hundreds of merchant vessels were attacked, more than 400 seamen killed and millions of dollars' worth of damages were suffered by owners, charterers and insurers. In the most sustained assault on merchant shipping since the Second World War, the control of shipping routes, destruction of enemy and enemy-allied ships, and the protection of oil exports, were key objectives. These campaigns touched the economic and security interests of the Gulf states by threatening their exports and highlighting their political and military vulnerability. The ripples of the tanker wars extended well beyond the region with attacks on vessels with foreign flags which invoked international concern and drew in foreign naval forces.


Download The Persian Gulf Tanker War PDF
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ISBN 10 : OCLC:18456322
Pages : pages
Rating : 4.:/5 (184 users)
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Download or read book The Persian Gulf Tanker War written by Ronald Ray Winfrey and published by . This book was released on 1987 with total page pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt:


Download Better Lucky Than Good PDF
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Publisher : Independently Published
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ISBN 10 : 1075478138
Pages : 108 pages
Rating : 4.4/5 (781 users)
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Download or read book Better Lucky Than Good written by U S Military and published by Independently Published. This book was released on 2019-06-21 with total page 108 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: In 1987 the United States agreed to register eleven Kuwaiti oil tankers under the American flag and provide them naval protection at the height of the Iran - Iraq War. Motivated primarily by Cold War considerations, the United States embarked on a policy of "neutral intervention" whose intended effects were certain to be disadvantageous to Iran. American planners failed to adequately anticipate Iranian reaction to the American policy, which led to a number of violent naval actions and American retaliatory strikes on Iranian oil facilities. Nevertheless, by April 1988, the United States had largely achieved its declared objectives, which were to secure the safe transit of Kuwaiti oil through the Gulf, and forestall the expansion of Soviet influence in the region. On April 29, 1988, however, the United States expanded the scope of the protection scheme, extending the U.S. Navy's protective umbrella to all neutral shipping in the Persian Gulf. This decision divorced the American policy from its original limited objectives, increased the likelihood of further confrontation with Iran, and laid the groundwork for the destruction of an Iranian airliner by USS Vincennes (CG-49).Operation Earnest Will was a seminal event in the history of American involvement in the Persian Gulf. It marked the first time military force was called upon to support the Carter Doctrine. It denoted the passage of responsibility for Persian Gulf Security from Great Britain to the United States and commenced an era of continuous U.S. Navy presence in the region that has extended up to today.This compilation includes a reproduction of the 2019 Worldwide Threat Assessment of the U.S. Intelligence Community.Chapter I discusses the purpose and importance of the study. A description of the research methodology and major sources used in the study follows. A review of existing literature introduces the reader to the major sources influencing the study's central argument. Chapter II focuses on American involvement in the Middle East prior to the Iran -Iraq War. A discussion of the Carter Doctrine sets Operation Earnest Will within a strategic context. The chapter examines United States Navy involvement in the Persian Gulf between 1945 and 1981 and demonstrates the limited involvement of the United States Navy in the Persian Gulf prior to 1987. Chapter III provides an overview of the first six years of the Iran - Iraq War with emphasis on the role of the Tanker War in the strategies of both belligerents. Careful study of the ferocity of shipping attacks and the attack methods employed by the belligerents provides critical background to understanding the circumstances surrounding the Kuwaiti government's approach to the United States in December 1986. An investigation of the U.S. Navy's presence in the Persian Gulf between 1981 and 1986 provides a historical link between the prewar American naval presence in the region and Operation Earnest Will. Chapter IV centers on the January 1987 Kuwaiti request to register eleven vessels under the American flag and the American response to same. As the Soviet Union weighed heavily in the United States agreeing to the Kuwaiti request, a short discussion of Kuwaiti foreign policy vis-a-vis the superpowers is necessary. An examination of the objectives of Operation Earnest Will follows. A brief description of the USS Stark incident is necessary, as this "mistaken" Iraqi attack resulted in increased Congressional focus on the Reagan Administration's reflagging scheme. A discussion of gunboat diplomacy provides the analytical framework within which American planning assumptions regarding the anticipated Iranian response to the American operation is critiqued.


Download The Tanker War  1980 88 PDF
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ISBN 10 : OSU:32437121216069
Pages : 640 pages
Rating : 4.3/5 (243 users)
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Download or read book The Tanker War 1980 88 written by George K. Walker and published by . This book was released on 2000 with total page 640 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt:


Download On Course to Desert Storm PDF
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Publisher : Government Printing Office
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ISBN 10 : 9780945274636
Pages : 213 pages
Rating : 4.9/5 (452 users)
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Download or read book On Course to Desert Storm written by Michael A. Palmer and published by Government Printing Office. This book was released on 2011-01-20 with total page 213 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Contributions to Naval History No. 5.. Traces the history of the United States Navy and the Persian Gulf from 1800 to the end of the Iran-Iraq War in 1988.


Download Inside the Danger Zone PDF
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Publisher : Naval Inst Press
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ISBN 10 : IND:30000116102082
Pages : 272 pages
Rating : 4.3/5 ( users)
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Download or read book Inside the Danger Zone written by Harold Lee Wise and published by Naval Inst Press. This book was released on 2007 with total page 272 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: In May 1987, an Iraqi plane fired two missiles into USS Stark, a lone U.S. Navy frigate on patron in the Gulf. The missiles severely damaged the ship and killed thirty-seven sailors. This deadly attack, which Iraq claimed was accidental, brought heightened attention to the Persian Gulf and heralded the beginning of a new era in U.S. Middle Eastern policy. From then until the end of the Iran-Iraq War, American forces carried out an unprecedented series of military operations in the Gulf. A planned tanker protection missile evolved into a naval quasi-war with Iran and culminated in the largest sea-air battle since World War II. Inside the Danger Zone is a history of U.S. military involvement in the Persian Gulf in 1987 and 1988-a time of burning ships, air strikes, and secret missions-the prelude to the Iraqi invasion of Kuwait, Desert Storm, and the most recent invasion of Iraq.


Download Tanker War PDF
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Publisher : Stosius Incorporated/Advent Books Division
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ISBN 10 : IND:30000004272468
Pages : 143 pages
Rating : 4.3/5 ( users)
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Download or read book Tanker War written by Sreedhar and published by Stosius Incorporated/Advent Books Division. This book was released on 1989 with total page 143 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt:


Download The Twilight War PDF
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Publisher : Penguin
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ISBN 10 : 9781101572344
Pages : 656 pages
Rating : 4.1/5 (15 users)
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Download or read book The Twilight War written by David Crist and published by Penguin. This book was released on 2012-07-19 with total page 656 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The dramatic secret history of our undeclared thirty-year conflict with Iran, revealing newsbreaking episodes of covert and deadly operations that brought the two nations to the brink of open war For three decades, the United States and Iran have engaged in a secret war. It is a conflict that has never been acknowledged and a story that has never been told. This surreptitious war began with the Iranian revolution and simmers today inside Iraq and in the Persian Gulf. Fights rage in the shadows, between the CIA and its network of spies and Iran's intelligence agency. Battles are fought at sea with Iranians in small speedboats attacking Western oil tankers. This conflict has frustrated five American presidents, divided administrations, and repeatedly threatened to bring the two nations into open warfare. It is a story of shocking miscalculations, bitter debates, hidden casualties, boldness, and betrayal. A senior historian for the federal government with unparalleled access to senior officials and key documents of several U.S. administrations, Crist has spent more than ten years researching and writing The Twilight War, and he breaks new ground on virtually every page. Crist describes the series of secret negotiations between Iran and the United States after 9/11, culminating in Iran's proposal for a grand bargain for peace-which the Bush administration turned down. He documents the clandestine counterattack Iran launched after America's 2003 invasion of Iraq, in which thousands of soldiers disguised as reporters, tourists, pilgrims, and aid workers toiled to change the government in Baghdad and undercut American attempts to pacify the Iraqi insurgency. And he reveals in vivid detail for the first time a number of important stories of military and intelligence operations by both sides, both successes and failures, and their typically unexpected consequences. Much has changed in the world since 1979, but Iran and America remain each other's biggest national security nightmares. "The Iran problem" is a razor-sharp briar patch that has claimed its sixth presidential victim in Barack Obama and his administration. The Twilight War adds vital new depth to our understanding of this acute dilemma it is also a thrillingly engrossing read, animated by a healthy irony about human failings in the fog of not-quite war.


Download War in the Gulf PDF
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ISBN 10 : STANFORD:36105021720946
Pages : 38 pages
Rating : 4.F/5 ( users)
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Download or read book War in the Gulf written by United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Foreign Relations and published by . This book was released on 1984 with total page 38 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt:


Download Iran Iraq War PDF
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Publisher : Pen and Sword
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ISBN 10 : 9781526728586
Pages : 128 pages
Rating : 4.5/5 (267 users)
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Download or read book Iran Iraq War written by Anthony Tucker-Jones and published by Pen and Sword. This book was released on 2018-06-30 with total page 128 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The bloody eight-year Iran-Iraq war is now almost forgotten, overshadowed by the subsequent Gulf War and Iraq War. However, it is best remembered for the unique so-called ‘Tanker War’ which threatened to strangle the world’s oil supplies. At the time Tucker-Jones as a defence analyst wrote extensively on the war and now brings his expertise to bear with this account of a conflict fuelled by festering regional rivalries, the Cold War and the emerging threat posed by militant Shia Islam. Fought on land, at sea and in the air using some of the most modern weapons money could buy, Western-backed Saddam Hussein’s Sunni Iraq and Shia Iran under the ayatollahs fought themselves to a standstill. Once Saddam’s armoured blitzkrieg had been halted and Iran’s human-wave counterattacks fought off, it became a war of attrition with major battles fought for the possession of Khorramshahr and Basra. Both sides resorted to chemical weapons and bombarding each other with missiles. When the war spilled over into the waters of the Gulf it sparked open Western intervention. Escalating attacks on oil tankers finally culminated in a ceasefire.


Download Iraq War The History Behind The Conflict The Untold Story PDF
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ISBN 10 : 8189140078
Pages : 123 pages
Rating : 4.1/5 (4 users)
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Download or read book Iraq War The History Behind The Conflict The Untold Story written by Albert Jürgen and published by . This book was released on 2004-01-01 with total page 123 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: About the Book :Iraq War This book portrays the history and reasons behind the recently concluded Iraq War and the earlier Gulf War in a way never told before. It describes in analytical detail the history of modern day Iraq right from its formation when Britain carved out Mesopotamia from the Ottoman Empire and created Iraq. It researches in depth the problems faced by Britain when it tried to impose an alien colonial government on a nation. The role of a remarkable English lady Getrude Bell who tired to change the British stance for the better by installing an Arab monarch in Iraq. The battle of attrition between Turkey, a medieval power on the wane and Great Britain at the Zenith of Its power for control over Iraq is described in vivid detail. The coming to power of Rashid Ali (the Netaji Subhas Bose of Iraq) who sought emancipation from colonial rule with the help of an Axis power – Germany. It narrates the crushing of this nationalist uprising with the British invading Iraq for the second time and how Iraq was made an unwilling participant in World War II. It depicts the coming to power of general Kassem in a coup, which ended the monarchy and establish an independent Republic. The dubious role of CIA in Kassem’s assassination and bringing Saddam Hussain to power. The Book reveals the policy, which Britain and U. S have followed towards Iraq over the years specifically during the Iran-Iraq war. Finally it gives an insight into some little known facts which precipitated the Kuwait crisis and the unfolding of events which led to Saddam falling out of favour – from a U. S ally to adversary – and the sequence of events in the Gulf War and thereafter. About the Author : The Author is a doctorate in the field of Strategic Studies and is an expert on the Second World War, the Cold War and the Changing Strategic Scenario and its implication in West Asia. He has taught in several colleges in Germany and Austria as an associate lecturer. He has taught for some years in Iraq in the late 80’s during the closing stages of the Iran – Iraq war. During his stint in Iraq he came in close contact with various institutions and historical faculties in Iraq. He observed many facets of Arab culture and civilisation, the knowledge of which he has drawn extensively upon while writing this book. Contents : • Introduction • About the Author • About the Publisher • Iraq British legacy - ANation is Reborn • Iraq British Legacy - She Falters to Rule • Blood And Gore - The Battles for Kut - al- amara • Out Break of World War II and the coup by Rashid Ali • Iraq's Participation in World War II • Iraq in the post "Independence" Era • The Monarchy is Overthrown eventually paving the way for Saddam • Oil Diplomacy • The Oil Embargo and U. S. Response • Rapid Development Force • U. S. Defense expenditure in the Gulf and it benefits. • Tanker War • The Iran - Iraq War and U. S. "Neutrality" • Strategic U. S. interests during the Iran-Iraq War. • U. N. Role • British Policy towards Iraq • U. S. Policy towards Iraq • Iraqi missile development and chemical weapons capability • Prelude to the Gulf War and the invasion of Kuwait • Operation Desert Shield raises a Storm • The Tempest and the Tornado • The Aftermath of the Gulf War • Glossary


Download Impact of the Gulf War Ceasefire Initiative on Tanker Demand PDF
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ISBN 10 : OCLC:1223699628
Pages : pages
Rating : 4.:/5 (122 users)
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Download or read book Impact of the Gulf War Ceasefire Initiative on Tanker Demand written by Erik Ranheim and published by . This book was released on 1988 with total page pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt:


Download Rockets and Missiles PDF
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Publisher : Greenwood Publishing Group
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ISBN 10 : 0313327955
Pages : 176 pages
Rating : 4.3/5 (279 users)
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Download or read book Rockets and Missiles written by A. Bowdoin Van Riper and published by Greenwood Publishing Group. This book was released on 2004 with total page 176 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Introduces readers to the history of rocket and missile technology and its impact on society.


Download The Gulf And The West PDF
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Publisher : Routledge
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ISBN 10 : 9781000302073
Pages : 526 pages
Rating : 4.0/5 (3 users)
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Download or read book The Gulf And The West written by Anthony H Cordesman and published by Routledge. This book was released on 2019-06-25 with total page 526 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This book examines the military capabilities of various potential threats, the capabilities of Saudi Arabia and other friendly Gulf states, and the capabilities of Western power projection forces.